New Bulgarian University
Bg Version
Call for Papers
in the Age of Media Computers, and Internet


Zhivko Ivanov


From organizers Letter by David Miall Letter by Zhivko Ivanov

Dear Participants, Colleagues, and Guests,

Here used to be Zhivko Ivanov's paper. Now here follow two letters; the one by David Miall, University of Alberta, Canada who demands removing the paper from the Web page, and the other by Zhivko Ivanov, University of Plovdiv, Bulgaria, who agrees us to do that.

As organizers of the conference we are put in a delicate situation. We have taken this measure in accordance with the will of the two authors. But we neither want, nor feel entitled to be the judges in this case. We believe that it is the author's job to defend or confess his uses and abuses of other's writing/reading.

Instead of a verdict we invite you to pronounce on the possibilities and limits - moral, scientific, sociological, geographical - of Internet communication between texts. This might become a new conference topic.

Alexander Kiossev

Ognyan Kovachev

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Letter by David Miall

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Date: Thu, 24 Aug 2000 22:46:51
From: "David S. Miall" <>
Subject: Plagiarized paper
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Dear Drs. Kiossev and Kovachev --

Looking at your web site for the conference READING in the Age of Media,
Computers, and the Internet, I was surprised to find that that about half
of the following conference paper is taken from my published essays:

HYPERTEXT: READING BY BROWSING by Zhivko Ivanov, online at:

>From about halfway down the paper, beginning with this passage:

The textual world is no longer what it was. The new world of cyberspace and
hypertext has freed text from the constraints of the pre-electronic medium
of print. Stuart Moulthrop . . .

the remainder of the paper is borrowed with no acknowledgement from the
following papers of mine:

"Trivializing or Liberating? The Limitations of Hypertext Theorizing,"
Mosaic, 32 (1999), 157-172. (you will find the quoted passage at the
beginning of this paper)

"The Hypertextual Moment," English Studies in Canada, 24 (1998), 157-174.

Both of these papers are available in pre-publication versions from my web
site, Online Essays, at  From the
wording of Ivanov's paper, it seems clear that he has borrowed from the
online versions.

I should be grateful if you would remove the paper from your web site as
soon as possible.

Best regards,  David Miall     (David.Miall@UAlberta.CA)

Dept. of English, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada T6G 2E5
Reader response:
Tel. (office) 780-492-0538   Tel. (mobile) 780-918-7530
Fax (office): 780-492-8142   Fax (home): 780-437-7987

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Letter by Zhivko Ivanov

>Date: Sat, 25 Nov 2000 18:20:51 +0200
>From: Zhivko Ivanov <>
>X-Mailer: Mozilla 4.7 [en] (Win95; I)
>X-Accept-Language: bg,en,ru
>To: Ognyan Kovachev <>,
>Subject: otgovor
>I hoped that the citation of Prof. Miallís personal home page
>[], that include all his online
>published works might be a right way to show a valid hyperway to original
>source, but obviously I have been wrong. The context doesnít make it clear
>to the reader that in this part of text I am describing someone else's
>At the place [The textual world is no longer what it wasÖ], mentioned above
>in my paper, it can be the quotation of two online accessed Prof. Miallís
>text, but following part is without a citation to the true author.
>There are as follow:
>>Hypertext, it should be noted, takes many forms [Ö] In contrast to the
>>linear sequence presupposed by a hierarchical organization, a network
>>hypertext is self-navigating.
>>This interactive process of reading is systematically disrupted within
>>the hypertext medium. [Ö] where the requirement to decide on which link
>>to follow every few sentences seems likely to prevent the immersion
>>characteristic of literary reading.
>>In another respect the network model of meaning [Ö] The fate of reading
>>is too important to be decided by hypertext theorists.
>>Hypertext has been promoted [Ö] that haunts both its informational and
>>literary applications.
> I think that the addition of original material by someone else in no way
>excuses the failure in citation, but there are no trivial changes in text,
>in an attempt to conceal original sources. The proper way to avoid such
>misconduct is to cite the source in the text, or in a footnote. While I did
>cite David Miall in one general link and three other acknowledgments, the
>text online did not include the title of original works in webliography and
>did not include the indicia of quotations for verbatim quotations according
>to the basic requirements for the acknowledgment of sources.
>The fact of fourfold citation is not enough to present original
>contribution of Prof. Miallís texts but in anyway has not increased my
>academic status. So I am really far from intention to build my reputation
>with Prof. Miall's work. However using phrases like "academic misconduct"
>to describe omission and negligence is too sterile, too kind.
>The omissions caused that Prof. Miallís ideas and thesis which are borrowed
>should not been specifically acknowledged in a endnote and in the text. It
>is no discussion, that all the sources that have been used should be listed
>in a bibliography. However, the mere listing of a source in a bibliography
>shall not be considered a "proper acknowledgment" for specific use of that
>source within the online paper.
>In my opinion especially in hypertext reality, I prefer to consider failure
>to cite sources of facts or ideas as something other than plagiarism. Such
>a failure to cite sources of facts or ideas is as follow:
>- negligent management of files with materials
>  used books, papers, studies etc.
>Like the Internet itself, the information sources are in a constant state
>of flux and, therefore, it is very easy to loose the path of original
>source in minicyberspace of your own harddisk and to breakdown with
>internal cross-references.
>In contrast to the sometimes discretionary nature of citations for facts or
>ideas, or the possibility of innocently overlooking an earlier expression
>of an idea, using someone else's words without the indicia of a quotation
>is always wrong. Zh.Ivanov
>24.11.2000  Attachment Converted:


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